Scientific Advertising ( Audio Book )

Scientific Advertising – Claude C. Hopkins / Chapter One

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The book contains 21 chapters , Total length 1hrs  43 mins

Scientific Advertising

By Claude C Hopkins

Chapter 1
How Advertising Laws Are Established
The time has come when advertising has in some hands reached
the status of a science. It is based on fixed principles and is
reasonably exact. The causes and effects have been analyzed until
they are well understood. The correct method of procedure have
been proved and established. We know what is most effective, and
we act on basic law. Advertising, once a gamble, has thus become,
under able direction, one of the safest business ventures. Certainly no
other enterprise with comparable possibilities need involve so little

Therefore, this book deals, not with theories and opinions, but
with well-proved principles and facts. It is written as a text book for
students and a safe guide for advertisers. Every statement has been
weighed. The book is confined to establish fundamentals. If we enter
any realms of uncertainty we shall carefully denote them.
The present status of advertising is due to many reasons. Much
national advertising has long been handled by large organizations
known as advertising agencies. Some of these agencies, in their
hundreds of campaigns, have tested and compared the thousands of
plans and ideas. The results have been watched and recorded, so no
lessons have been lost.

Such agencies employ a high grade of talent. None but able and
experienced men can meet the requirements in national advertising.
Working in co-operation, learning from each other and from each
new undertaking, some of these men develop into masters.
Individuals may come and go, but they leave their records and
ideas behind them. These become a part of the organization’s
equipment, and a guide to all who follow. Thus, in the course of
decades, such agencies become storehouses of advertising
experiences, proved principles, and methods.
The larger agencies also come into intimate contact with experts
in every department of business. Their clients are usually dominating
concerns. So they see the results of countless methods and polices.
They become a clearing house for every thing pertaining to
merchandising. Nearly every selling question which arises in business
is accurately answered by many experiences.
Under these conditions, where they long exist, advertising and
merchandising become exact sciences. Every course is charted. The
compass of accurate knowledge directs the shortest, safest, cheapest
course to any destination.

We learn the principles and prove them by repeated tests. This is
done through keyed advertising, by traced returns, largely by the use
of coupons. We compare one way with many others, backward and
forward, and record the results. When one method invariably proves
best, that method becomes a fixed principle.
Mail order advertising is traced down to the fraction of a penny.
The cost per reply and cost per dollar of sale show up with utter

One ad is compared with another, one method with another.
Headlines, settings, sizes, arguments and pictures are compared. To
reduce the cost of results even one per cent means much in some
mail order advertising. So no guesswork is permitted. One must
know what is best. Thus mail order advertising first established many
of our basic laws.
In lines where direct returns are impossible we compare one town
with another. Scores of methods may be compared in this way,
measured by cost of sales.
But the most common way is by use of the coupon. We offer a
sample, a book, a free package, or something to induce direct replies.
Thus we learn the amount of action which each ad engenders.
But those figures are not final. One ad may bring too many
worthless replies, another replies that are valuable. So our final
conclusions are always based on cost per customer or cost per dollar
of sale.

These coupon plans are dealt with further in the chapter on “Test
Campaigns.” Here we explain only how we employ them to discover
advertising principles.
In a large ad agency coupon returns are watched and recorded on
hundreds of different lines. In a single line they are sometimes
recorded on thousands of separate ads. Thus we test everything
pertaining to advertising. We answer nearly every possible question
by multitudinous traced returns.

Some things we learn in this way apply only to particular lines.
But even those supply basic principles for analogous undertakings.
Others apply to all lines. They become fundamentals for
advertising in general. They are universally applied. No wise
advertiser will ever depart from those unvarying laws.
We propose in this book to deal with those fundamentals, those
universal principles. To teach only established techniques. There is
that technique in advertising, as in all art, science and mechanics. And
it is, as in all lines, a basic essential.
The lack of those fundamentals has been the main trouble with
advertising of the past. Each worker was a law unto himself. All
previous knowledge, all progress in the line, was a closed book to
him. It was like a man trying to build a modern locomotive without
first ascertaining what others had done. It was like a Columbus
starting out to find an undiscovered land.

Men were guided by whims and fancies – vagrant, changing
breezes. They rarely arrived at their port. When they did, quite by
accident, it was by a long roundabout course.
Each early mariner in this sea mapped his own separate course.
There were no charts to guide him. Not a lighthouse marked a
harbor, not a buoy showed a reef. The wrecks were unrecorded, so
countless ventures came to grief on the same rocks and shoals.
Advertising was a gamble, a speculation of the rashest sort. One
man’s guess on the proper course was as likely to be as good as
another’s. There were no safe pilots, because few sailed the same
course twice.

The condition has been corrected. Now the only uncertainties
pertain to people and to products, not to methods. It is hard to
measure human idiosyncrasies, the preferences and prejudices, the
likes and dislikes that exist. We cannot say that an article will be
popular, but we know how to sell it in the most effective way.
Ventures may fail, but the failures are not disasters. Losses, when
they occur, are but trifling. And the causes are factors which has
nothing to do with the advertising.
Advertising has flourished under these new conditions. It has
multiplied in volume, in prestige and respect. The perils have
increased many fold. Just because the gamble has become a science,
the speculation a very conservative business.
These facts should be recognized by all. This is no proper field
for sophistry or theory, or for any other will-o’-the-wisp. The blind
leading the blind is ridiculous. It is pitiful in a field with such vast
possibilities. Success is a rarity, a maximum success an impossibility,
unless one is guided by laws as immutable as the law of gravitation.
So our main purpose here is to set down those laws, and to tell
you how to prove them for yourself. After them come a myriad of
variations. No two advertising campaigns are ever conducted on lines
that are identical. Individuality is an essential. Imitation is a reproach.
But those variable things which depend on ingenuity have no place in
a text book on advertising. This is for groundwork only.
Our hope is to foster advertising through a better understanding.
To place it on a business basis. To have it recognized as among the
safest, surest ventures which lead to large returns. Thousand of
conspicuous successes show its possibilities. Their variety points out
its almost unlimited scope. Yet thousands who need it, who can
never attain their deserts without it, still look upon its
accomplishments as somewhat accidental.
That was so, but it is not so now. We hope that this book will
throw some new lights on the subject.



Neville Goddard, Summa Theologica, Manly P Hall, A Course In Miracles

Tags: , ,